- The global rolling stock market is set to increase until 2030, with rates of growth differing by region. The European Union market, which is larger and more developed than many others, is projected to grow annually by 2-3%.
- 20 companies make up 80% of yearly sales in the global rolling stock supply industry. In the EU, manufacturers have maintained a positive balance of exports over imports in the past decade. These manufacturers are primarily situated in countries with large domestic markets and compete for contracts worldwide.
- Rolling stock demand is anticipated to fluctuate across transport segments, influenced by factors such as technological advancements, the retirement of old fleets, changes in transported goods, network electrification and the expansion of infrastructure, especially high-speed rail.
- The EU’s policy framework significantly impacts factors like decarbonisation and interoperability, affecting both the supply industry and manufacturers’ location choices. The harmonisation and interoperability of the single European railway area improves competitiveness and attracts foreign competition.
- The European Commission and European Investment Bank offer numerous financing tools and mechanisms that are taken up in both rolling stock purchases and technology research and development. The rail industry itself and other specialised international financial institutions (e.g. EUROFIMA, EBRD) provide alternative financing models for rolling stock purchases.