Publication: June 2022
Short link to this post:
Download: English
Authors: Iselin Mulvik, PPMI Hanna Siarova, PPMI

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has caused a massive, unprecedented refugee flow to Europe. As of today, 6,642,659 Ukrainians have fled the country[1] while 8 million are displaced within Ukraine.[2] One of the ways Europe shows solidarity with Ukraine is by housing and aiding the refugees fleeing the conflict. Cities play a crucial role in this regard. Due to their social infrastructure and strong economies, they can provide not just shelter, but also social and economic opportunities. Yet, cities are also pressured and face various challenges, especially in the effort to recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the economy and social life.

This briefing summarizes the implications of the influx of refugees from Ukraine to European cities, and how cities can navigate challenges to continue being a positive factor in the support of Ukraine. The briefing is based on available official sources and expert commentaries and written in the context of the study ‘Social challenges in cities’ commissioned by the European Parliament[3]. The PPMI research team conducted desk research in English, Lithuanian, Hungarian, Romanian and Polish languages. National experts supported the search for information on the situation in Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Slovakia, Spain, and Malta.

[1] UNHCR (2022) Refugees fleeing Ukraine (since 24 February 2022) as of 24 May 2022, Accessed 26.05.2022 from

[2] UNHCR (2022) Ukraine situation: Flash Update #14, Accessed 26.05.2022 from


Figure 1. Refugees from Ukraine in Lithuania, distributed by gender and age

Further reading: Social Challenges in Cities

1 Comment

[Digest] Social Challenges in Cities – Research4Committees · December 12, 2022 at 11:27 am

[…] addition to the study, experts have also prepared and presented a short briefing on Ukrainian refugees in European cities. Since the beginning of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022, almost eight million […]

Leave a Reply