Volume 3, Issue 4 September 2018
Short link to this post: http://bit.ly/2OPxr6J
Transport and Tourism for Persons with Disabilities and Persons with Reduced Mobility – published in May 2018
In the European Union (EU), persons with reduced mobility (PRMs), whether caused by disability, age or any other factor, are accorded the same rights as all citizens to free movement, freedom of choice and non-discrimination. However, evidence from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights consistently demonstrates that persons with disabilities face discrimination and barriers to exercising their rights on an equal basis with others.
At the request of the EP Committee on Transport and Tourism (TRAN), the Policy Department commissioned a study to examine the problems of accessibility in transportation and tourism in the EU. The study covers the EU as a whole and provides relevant analysis from a number of individual EU Member States. Specific policies, research priorities and recommendations are made per state clusters and for the EU, which can enhance accessibility in local transport, long-distance transport and tourism.
Upcoming research for the TRAN Committee:
‘BREXIT: transport and tourism – the consequences of a no-deal scenario’
On 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom (UK) submitted the notification of its intention to withdraw from the European Union (EU) pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. This means that, unless a ratified withdrawal agreement establishes another date, all EU primary and secondary law will cease to apply to the UK from 30 March 2019. The UK will then become a ‘third country’.
As the BREXIT negotiations advance, the final outcome remains a concern and a ‘no-deal scenario’ is one that must be considered, even if hypothetically, as its consequences might be critical for the efficient provision of transport, tourism and postal services between the EU and the UK. This impact will affect various modes of transport, as well as tourism and postal sectors in different ways, depending of their specific characteristics.
This study will analyse in detail the practical consequences of a no-deal Brexit on the above-mentioned sectors of EU economy. It will present alternatives to safeguard EU-27 interests and propose a set of tangible recommendations for consideration of political decision makers.
Publication of the study is planned for the third quarter of 2018.
‘Modal shift in European transport: a way forward’
Modal shift is an important element of any transport policy framework that aims to improve the environmental performance of transport and constitutes one of many options for improving the efficiency of the transport sector.
In 2011, the European Commission (EC) published the White Paper on Transport that, among other strategic initiatives, sets five goals specifically referring to modal shift and multimodality.
The objective of this study is to analyse the progress achieved in relation to modal shift in the EU and, based on this, to assess whether there is further potential for the EU to transfer more transport that is currently undertaken on roads to more sustainable modes, and to analyse the related challenges.
The study aims to provide Members of the TRAN Committee with clear conclusions and recommendations on what could be done, in particular at the EU policy level, to further support the process.
Publication of the study is foreseen for the fourth quarter of 2018.
‘Over-tourism – impact and possible policy responses’
Cheap transport, giant ships and some forms of collaborative economy bring changes to mass tourism. The sector, including the cruise industry and hotel business, is growing, bringing an added value to the EU’s economy. However, it might have a profound negative impact on local social and environmental balances. In some places, both the quality of life of the residents and the tourist experience is deteriorating. In the European Union (EU), cities such as Barcelona, Amsterdam and Venice are considered to be the most affected by over-tourism.
Local governments are often forced to deal with pressure from residents unhappy with the disruption caused by the influx of visitors. Local attempts to curb the numbers of tourists often yield positive outcomes, but they are limited in scale and often result in the shift of tourists to other destinations.
The study will assess the scale of the over-tourism in the EU, identify the countries and destinations most affected by this phenomenon to date, and analyse the major causes of the existing situation. It should provide Members of the TRAN Committee with clear conclusions and recommendations on what could be done, in particular at the EU policy level, to ensure that negative effects of tourism growth on the local societies are minimised or eradicated.
A set of criteria to be proposed for the use of the policy makers in determining at the early stage the risk for the EU destinations to be affected by the tourists’ overflow is expected to bring additional value to this research.
Publication of the study is foreseen early in 2019.