Original publication: September 2018
Authors: KEA European Affairs: Clémentine Daubeuf, Teodora Pletosu, Philippe Kern, Arthur Le Gall
Short link to this post: http://bit.ly/2PZAaus
Mobility is now considered an integral part of the working life of artists and culture professionals. Its importance has gradually increased in a globalised society marked by rapid technological developments and innovation, a society exhibiting a growing need for solidarity and cultural understanding. Mobility does not only contribute to satisfying the need for capacity building and internationalisation of the cultural sectors (representing 7.5% of the EU workforce and 509 billion in value added to EU’s GDP) but it also contributes to territorial regeneration, attracting inward investment, community engagement and social change, and to European integration and cultural diplomacy.
The economic, social and political impacts of artists and culture professionals’ mobility have been increasingly acknowledged by policymakers. This is reflected in both the 2007 and 2018 European Agendas for Culture and in the cooperative work done by Member States between 2011 and 2014 on a number of mobility issues. While Creative Europe is the main EU instrument to deliver on EU policy priorities related to mobility in the CCS, mobility has been gradually streamlined in other policy areas like EU neighbouring and foreign policy, the single market or research and innovation, showing the growing strategic importance the topic has gained.
However, the EU has yet to strengthen mobility in the CCS in order to create an open cultural space that benefits professionals, artists and the European economy and society. While regulatory issues (related to social security, taxation and visas) that hamper mobility persist at national and EU levels, numerous mobility opportunities are provided at local, national and EU levels by private and public operators. Nevertheless, these opportunities do not underpin a clear strategy under a common EU mobility framework. Such a framework would aim to promote cultural diversity, stimulate artistic creation, foster career internationalisation of cultural workers, pan-European networking, cross-disciplinary innovation and entrepreneurship and would enhance Europe’s external cultural relations.
Moreover, a dedicated EU scheme for the mobility of artists and culture professionals becomes a very important tool in the attempt to preserve European democratic values and promote cultural diversity against the backdrop of rising nationalist and Eurosceptic movements.
This report formulates recommendations for an ambitious European framework for mobility in culture which could be achieved in two steps:
- By setting up a dedicated mobility scheme which adds value to existing national and regional schemes;
- By continuing and improving cooperation between Member States on mobility issues, including reviewing existing regulatory obstacles to mobility at EU level.
Link to the full study: http://bit.ly/617-500
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