Original publication:  February 2017
Author: Marc Thomas., Research Administrator
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The Port of Marseille

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In 2015, the port of Marseille-Fos (known in French as Grand Port Maritime de Marseille, GPM) was France’s leading port by cargo volume (and the second largest port in the Mediterranean after Algeciras), number of cruise passengers (fifth largest in the Mediterranean) and hydrocarbons. It was the second largest port in the country for container traffic, after Le Havre.

At the same time, Marseille-Fos was ranked 47th in the world by cargo traffic and 15th in the world by number of cruise passengers – but was only 107th by container traffic.

The GPM is composed of two complementary harbours nearly 50 km apart: the eastern harbour, which covers 400 ha of the metropolitan area of Marseille and receives cargo and passengers; and the western harbour, which covers 10 000 ha within the Fos maritime industrial area, where industry and logistics are based.

The port of Marseille is connected to its hinterland by road, rail and a 550 km long large-gauge waterway: the Rhône and the Saône. The metropolitan areas of Marseille and Lyon (300 km to the north) alone contain more than 3 million inhabitants. The GPM is, however, a relative outlier in relation to the London-Ruhr-Milan axis. Moreover, as of Lyon, its zone of influence comes up against those of the ports of Le Havre and Antwerp: just over half of the containers arriving in or leaving Lyon pass through the port of Marseille.

Marseille-Fos is included in two of the nine priority corridors of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T): The ‘Mediterranean corridor’, which links the Iberian ports with Hungary and the Ukrainian border via Marseille and Lyon, and the ‘North Sea-Mediterranean corridor’, which runs from the Irish ports of Cork and Dublin to the GPM, via Strasbourg and Lyon. This situation could help improve the rail and river connections between Marseille and its hinterland.

In 2015, Marseille-Fos was connected to 400 ports worldwide via 55 regular shipping lines. 35 industrial enterprises, 462 000 m² of warehouses and nine dry docks (including the largest in the Mediterranean, at 465 m long) generated 43 500 direct and indirect jobs in the area. (In 2012, the OECD estimated that the port generated an added value of about EUR 4 billion, or nearly 3 % of the GDP of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region).

Hinterlands of the main French and European ports in 2011

Link to the full publication: http://bit.ly/585-908

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